Phonics is an effective way to ‘unlock’ words and help children make progress with reading and spelling. The aim with phonics is that children can recognise and process the letters and sounds through a word so fluently that word recognition becomes automatic.
A 20-30 minute phonics lesson is taught every day in Reception and Key Stage 1. Children are taught systematic, synthetic phonics following Letters and Sounds from the DfE. We will move to the Read Write Inc. Programme in the next academic year.
Phonics is taught progressively from Reception to Y2 (and beyond where required), with daily, rigorous phonics teaching which develops the skills of decoding and encoding as children move from Phase One towards Phase Six Phonics. These are the six overlapping phases of phonics. Year 2 (onwards) then move onto No Nonsense by Babcock.
We adopt a teaching sequence of: Review, teach, practice and apply. Children are taught in whole class sessions and receive smaller group support where required.
In Reception, children begin by listening to, and distinguishing between, a range of sounds and quickly progress to the introduction of the sounds that each letter makes. After this, the children begin to build up CVC (consonant/vowel/consonant) and CCVC words. Next, they start to learn what happens when two letters are put together eg. ch, th. They also learn the alternative spellings and pronunciations of a wide range of sounds.